Grid Tied Solar System Explained: Understanding the Basics!

Did you know that you can harness the power of sunlight to generate your own electricity? Solar energy is a renewable resource that’s readily available all over the world. Because of technological advancements, we can now use solar panels to generate electricity from the sun.  

The photovoltaic effect was discovered as far back as 1883 by Charles Fritts, according to the American Physical Society. It all started with a solar cell from selenium, and now we have advanced systems like solar grid tied systems and many more.

Our blog is dedicated to exploring a grid tied solar system in depth, including how they work, their advantages, components, and even off-grid solar systems. We’ll also guide you on installing a grid-tied solar system in your home with the help of our professional team. So, let’s delve into the world of grid-tied solar systems to understand their inner workings better.

Grid Tied Solar Systems: What Are They?

Grid tied solar systems is a power generating system that works in concurrence with traditional systems. It transforms the direct current (DC) generated by the solar panel into alternating current (AC),which is immediately stored in the grid and has two meters. One meter shows the electricity produced by grid tied solar systems, and the other meter shows the electricity consumed from the grid. 

Electricity produced in the Grid tied solar system is used directly in the home and offices. It is not possible to store extra electricity in a Grid tied solar system. So, it is sent directly to the grid to receive a credit on your electricity bill. But with time, it gets improved and used on a mass scale. These solar systems now offer the option of combining solar-generated electricity with conventional grid electricity.

Fun Fact: An amazing fact related to the Grid tied solar system is that it was first installed in Kerman, California, in 1993 by Pacific Gas & Electric.

Parts of Grid Tied Solar Systems

The home or business owner who wants to generate their own electricity with the help of Grid tied solar systems. However, this solar system will only function when it is fully constructed. Here are the following parts of the Grid tied solar system:

  • Solar panels: Solar panels are the prime part of the Grid tied solar system. It converts the sunlight into D.C. current. It is made up of silicon semiconductors.

  • Inverter: The inverter converts the direct current into alternating current on which the appliances run.

  • Bi-directional Meter: The bi-directional meter is used to measure the electricity consumed from the power grid and the excess amount of electricity produced by grid tied solar systems, which is sent back to the grid.

  • Grid: The grid is the network of all the transmission lines, transformers and other parts that delivers electricity right from the electricity plant to your home and offices.

  • Mounting System: In order to install big solar panel plates safely and securely, the mounting mechanism is essential. This solution gives the customer peace of mind by ensuring that the panels stay firmly in place even in bad weather because of their solid metallic platform.

  • Wiring: It is the most important medium through which the electricity is transmitted from the power plant to your home or office.

Working of Grid Tied Solar Systems

The working of the Grid tied solar system is done in multiple steps. Here are the steps:
  • Firstly, sunlight strikes the surface of the solar panel plate, and from there, the D.C. current is produced. Inverters convert the D.C. current into A.C. current, which is used directly in our homes.
  • A bi-directional meter is connected to the inverter, which is used to measure the electricity used from the grid. It measures the excess electricity generated by grid-tied solar systems that are fed back into the electrical grid. This process continues to complete the working cycle.

Steps of Installation of grid tied system

The installation process for a grid-tied system involves the following steps:
  • Site assessment 
  • Design or Roadmap of the installation
  • Legal Permission from the Local Authorities
  • Installation of Solar Panels & Grid Tied System
  • System Activation

Advantages of the Grid Tied Solar Systems

Grid tied Solar system is a new-age technology, getting popular day by day. There are many advantages of the Grid tied solar system. Here are some:

  • Reliable: They provide a constant and consistent source of energy. They are connected to the utility grid, which means that even on days when the solar panels are not producing enough energy, the system can draw electricity from the grid. This ensures that the user always has access to a reliable power source.
  • Eco-friendly: Solar grid tied systems are eco-friendly because they produce clean energy without emitting harmful pollutants or greenhouse gasses. Solar energy is a renewable and sustainable energy source that does not contribute to climate change or environmental degradation.
  • Sustainable: The sun is a never-ending source of energy, which means that as long as the sun continues to shine, the solar panels will continue to produce energy. This makes grid-tied solar systems a sustainable solution for energy production.
  • Reduce economic burden: By generating their own electricity, users can reduce their reliance on the utility grid and lower their monthly energy bills. In some cases, excess energy produced by the solar panels can even be sold back to the utility company, further reducing the economic burden.

  • Low-cost maintenance: The systems require minimal maintenance and have low operating costs. The solar panels need just periodic cleaning and very little maintenance to survive for many years. This makes them a cost-effective solution for energy production.


In conclusion, the grid tied solar system is a reliable and sustainable method of producing electricity from solar energy. With its low maintenance costs and eco-friendly nature, the grid-tied solar system is an attractive option for those looking to reduce their carbon footprint and save on energy bills.

We at Ohio Valley Solar have licensed professionals who provide installation, maintenance and repair services for the grid tied solar system in your office and home. Don’t wait! Contact us to know more about our other exclusive services and get their benefits.

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